Archive for the ‘AASB’ Category

Carmen Ridley’s Consolidations Webinar – Notes Summary

Thursday, November 6th, 2014

The following article is a summary of Carmen Ridley’s Consolidations online webinar held on October 30, 2014. Carmen will be conducting another webinar for CaseWare Australia & New Zealand on how to “Avoid Common Mistakes in Financial Reports – Cut the Clutter, Tips & Traps” on  November 27.

One of the key aspects of AASB 10 is the Definition of Control. To define whether an entity should be consolidated into the Financial Reports, the 3 components listed in AASB 10 must be satisfied.  In regard to Not For Profits (NFPs), there is a guidance note which provides NFP examples for the definition of control which appears as AASB 2013-8 (and will eventually be included as an appendix within AASB 10).

Those 3 key components are:

  • Power
  • Rights
  • Returns (For NFPs this can be related to social policy, even if it is not related to financial aspects, which can be quite hard to define and measure.)

De facto control is also another aspect required to be considered. A 50%+ shareholding is no longer the only relevant measure of entity control – aspects of major shareholders, plus voting rights and patterns may be a better indicator of the controlling entity. This aspect of control requires much more detailed examination AND on a yearly basis, than prior determinations.

AASB 12 which details Interests in Other Entities can be quite an onerous standard. The following should be considered and assessed (nb: not applicable for special pupose financials):

  • named subsiduaries
  • joint arrangements / ventures
  • associations
  • unconsolidated structed entities.

This group of Consolidation standards (AASB 10-12) requires continuous assesment, particularly in relation to control. If circumstances, shareholdings or management change even slightly, it may mean that control of the entity may be in a state of flux and needs to be rejustified annually.

Overall, these standards require significant judgements and assumptions. Interpretation of the standards is the key to getting the reporting requirements correct. Appropriate disclosures are obviously required and should be as helpful and explanatory as possible.

 Carmen Ridley can be contacted directly via her email (cridley@afrs.com.au) for further assistance, explanation or application of the AASB standards.



AASB 9 Financial Instruments – Change to application date – now, 1 Jan 2018

Tuesday, October 14th, 2014

Don’t forget to confirm that you have included to correct application date for AASB 9 Financial Instruments in your standards issued not yet effective note – the correct application date is annual reporting periods beginning on or after 1 January 2018.

The application date was changed recently by the AASB from 2017 to 2018.



Latest from the AASB – Meeting held Sept 3 & 4 2014

Wednesday, September 17th, 2014

Carmen Ridley, AASB Board Member provides a summary of key discussions from the latest AASB meeting affecting small to medium accounting firms and entities in Australia.

Implementation of AASB 13 Fair Value Measurement – two topics were  discussed in relation to this:

  1. Disclosures in the NFP Public Sector – consideration of the need to modify disclosures given the level of assets which are held at fair value.  Feedback has been received from a number of local Councils in NSW but we would love to hear from other entities or other states about issued faced.  Please contact the AASB directly or feel free to shoot me an email with issues (cridley@afrs.com.au).
  2. Current replacement cost v depreciated replacement cost – AASB 136 Impairment of Assets allows NFP entities to use depreciated replacement cost (DRC) to determine the value in use of an asset / cash-generating unit if certain conditions are met.  The AASB discussed whether this is the same as the concept of current replacement cost used in AASB 13 to determine fair value and noted that DRC as used in AASB 136 is not the same as CRC as used in AASB 13.  AASB staff will draft a clarification for approval by the Board.

Income for NFP entities – the Board reviewed a draft of the paper relating to NFP income and confirmed most earlier decisions in light of the release of IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers.  The expected issue date of the exposure draft of the NFP revenue standard is Quarter 4 of 2014.

Recyclable assets – an issue was raised about the accounting treatment and residual value of recyclable assets, initially in relation to roads but could be applied to all recyclable assets.  Further outreach is being undertaken and therefore if you have any experience with recyclable assets, particularly in the for-profit sector then please contact the AASB directly or Carmen via cridley@afrs.com.au.

Additional information on any of these topics or the other items discussed at the meeting can be found in the Action Alert, available here:



Recognition of Exploration & Evaluation Assets – Timely Reminder

Wednesday, September 3rd, 2014

AASB Board Member and principal of Australian Financial Reporting Solutions, Carmen Ridley offers this advice to auditors and reporters for entities in mining and exploration concerns.

ASIC have issued a media release regarding the write off of a $3.8m exploration and evaluation asset in an ASX listed entity’s financial report (14-215MR).

In this instance, the company’s exploration licence for the projects had expired yet the company was continuing to defer expenses as an asset on the balance sheet.

Entities and their auditors should confirm that initial and subsequent recognition of exploration and evaluation assets is appropriate and in accordance with the requirements of AASB 6 Exploration and Evaluation for Mineral Resources.

Any assets which no longer satisfy the requirements in AASB 6 must be immediately written off.

For further information on deferral of expenses, please contact Carmen Ridley via cridley@afrs.com.au.


AASB 13 and Prospective Application

Monday, August 11th, 2014

AASB 13 Fair Value Measurement is required to be applied prospectively for annual reporting periods beginning on or after 1 January 2013.

Questions have been raised about what prospective application means, the application has been illustrated below for a 30 June 2014 year end.


30 June 2014

Measurement of fair value in accordance with AASB 13


All fair values reported in accordance with AASB 13


No restatement of reported fair value figures

Fair value disclosures in accordance with AASB 13


AASB 13 disclosures required for all assets / liabilities recorded at fair value


No comparative disclosures required

Whilst neither disclosure nor restatements are required for comparative figures, all assets or liabilities recorded at fair value in the current year need to be determined in accordance with AASB 13 regardless of the date of valuation.

Valuations performed before the current reporting period
If a valuation (independent or directors) was performed prior to the start of the current reporting period (i.e. 1 July 2013 for 30 June 2014 reporting periods), then an entity will need to determine whether this valuation was performed in accordance with the AASB 13 methodology and whether the required AASB 13 disclosures can be provided.

There is no need for prior year restatements, however an entity needs to comply with AASB 13 in the current year and therefore disclosures and AASB 13 methodology are required for ALL assets and liabilities disclosed or measured at fair value at 30 June 2014.

For further information, please contact Carmen Ridley on cridley@afrs.com.au.


AASB Meeting Report – July, by Carmen Ridley, AASB Board Member

Friday, August 8th, 2014

The AASB held their last meeting on 16 – 17 July and Carmen Ridley, AASB member provides an update on the most relevant areas to smaller, medium practices and entities.

  • IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers has been released by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) and an education session was held for the AASB then the Board confirmed the disclosures required by entities preparing reduced disclosure requirement (RDR) financials under the Australian Accounting Standards.
  • Reporting entities – AASB staff are to meet with ASIC and Treasury staff in relation to amending the scope of AASB 101, 107, 108, 1048 and 1054 to apply to reporting entities / general purpose financial statements only
  • AASB 13 – clarification has been sought from the AASB about the use of the cost approach under AASB 13 for not-for-profit entities – this will be further discussed at the September meeting.

Further topics of discussion can be seen in AASB Action Alert. For questions or clarification on any matters, please contact Carmen Ridley via email: cridley@afrs.com.au.


AASB 124 Related Party Disclosures – Clarification released

Monday, July 28th, 2014

Carmen Ridley (AASB Board Member & Principal, Australian Financial Reporting Solutions www.afrs.com.au) advises of a clarification to AASB 124 released by the AASB.

One of the changes in the accounting standards for 30 June 2014 has been the transfer of some of the key management personnel (KMP) disclosures from AASB 124 Related Party Disclosures to the Corporations Regulations for disclosing entities who are companies.

Some drafting anomalies in the Regulations has caused some confusion since the disclosure requirement appear to have been unintentionally expanded.

ASIC have released Class Order [CO 14/632] Key management personnel equity instrument disclosures to clarify the requirements in the Remuneration Report in relation to:

  •  equity instruments held by members of key management personnel or their close family members
  • certain transactions involving equity instruments between the disclosing entity and members of key management personnel or their close family members, and
  • options or rights over equity instruments held by key management personnel or their close family members.

The class order narrows the disclosure required by entities about equity instruments held by directors, other key management personnel and their close family members. Consistent with AASB 124, ASIC’s relief means that disclosures only need to be about equity instruments in the disclosing entity or its subsidiaries rather than every company they have an investment in. Entities that adopt the relief will be required to make the disclosures by class of the equity instrument, consistent with AASB 124.

The class order is applicable for financial years ending on or before 30 September 2014 as it is anticipated that the Corporations Regulations will be amended to correct the anomaly prior to that date.


Don’t Forget the New Standards

Wednesday, July 23rd, 2014

Carmen Ridley (AASB Board member & Principal, Australian Financial Reporting Solutions www.afrs.com.au) writes for CaseWare Australia & New Zealand.

I have just finished my round of financial reporting updates for 30 June 2014 and have to admit, I have been disappointed and a little scared about the lack of awareness of the new AASB’s which are effective for the first time this reporting period.

I will take this opportunity to remind finance teams and their auditors of the ‘headlines’ relating to the new / revised standards so further research can be undertaken to ensure that financial statements are in compliance with Australian Accounting Standards at 30 June 2014.

AASB 119 Employee Benefits

  • Significant changes to defined benefit plan accounting – removal of the corridor approach;
  • Changes to the definition of short-term benefits may cause discounting of annual leave liabilities.

Consolidation suite of standards (AASB 10 – 12)

Entities need to start with a ‘blank piece of paper’ and determine the classification of each investment held under the new control model.

Note: Not-for-profit entities are not required to apply the requirements of AASB 10 – 12 until annual reporting periods beginning on or after 1 January 2014 (i.e. 30 June 2015 year ends).

AASB 10 Consolidated Financial Statements

  • Revised definition of control focussing more on the substance of the relationship and power rather than ownership percentage;
    • An entity controls another if:

it is exposed, or has rights, to variable returns from its involvement with the investee and has the ability to affect those returns through its power over the investee.

  • Many entities previously classified as associates may now be subsidiaries and therefore consolidated;
  • Consider where you:
    • Are the largest shareholder (even though you own less than 50.1%)
    • Have delegated power (e.g. property trust)
    • Have arrangements in place where power does not reflect the ownership interest.

AASB 11 Joint Arrangements

  • Joint arrangements exist where two or more parties have joint control (granted through an agreement);
  • Joint arrangements are then classified as:
Type of arrangement Characteristics Accounting treatment
Joint operation Parties have rights to certain assets and obligations for certain liabilities Each party to the arrangement accounts for its share of assets and liabilities.
Joint venture Parties have rights to the net assets of the arrangement. Equity accounting.


AASB 12 Disclosure of Interests in Other Entities

 Disclosure requirements for interests in any of the following:

  • Subsidiaries
  • Associates
  • Joint arrangements
  • Unconsolidated structured entities

Disclosure requirements are extensive and include both qualitative and quantitative information.

AASB 13 Fair Value Measurement

  • New definition of fair value

“The price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date.”

  • Robust methodology for determining fair value
  • New concepts to consider:
    • Market participants
    • Orderly transaction
    • Principal / most advantageous market
    • Highest and best use.
    • Significant number of additional disclosures required.
    • Prospective application, therefore no need to adjust comparatives.

Remember retrospective application

I started this article by talking about these standards being effective for the first time at 30 June 2014, however this does not take into account retrospective application.

Each of the standards discussed above, (with the exception of AASB 13) is accounted for as a mandatory change in accounting policy and applied as if it has always been in place.  This means that comparatives need to be changed and an opening balance sheet (statement of financial position) prepared.

This means significant information is needed to reflect the numbers under the new standards and if they are materially different from those previously presented, an audit of them will need to be required.

Further information / advice on any of these standards can be obtained from Carmen Ridley at cridley@afrs.com.au.


Special Purpose Financial Statements – Cash Flows

Thursday, March 13th, 2014

(From Carmen Ridley – www.afrs.com.au)

I have a client who does not want to include a statement of cash flows in their special purpose financial statements, is there any requirement for them to do so?

AASB 107 Statement of Cash Flows is applicable to the following entities:

  • each entity that is required to prepare financial reports in accordance with Part 2M.3 of the Corporations Act;
  • general purpose financial statements of each reporting entity; and
  • financial statements that are, or are held out to be, general purpose financial statements.

This is a different application to many of the other accounting standards, since it is mandatory for all entities preparing financial statements under the Corporations Act regardless of whether they are general or special purpose.

In summary:

Company preparing special purpose financial statements under Part 2M of the Corporations Act 2001
Statement of cash flows is a mandatory primary statement.

Non-corporate entity preparing special purpose financial statements in accordance with legislation
Generally legislation would require compliance with Australian Accounting Standards which would mean at least preparation of the four primary statements.

Entity preparing special purpose financial statements without any legislative requirements
No requirement for preparation of statement of cash flows unless requested by the users.

For further information about Special Purpose Financial Statements, or other interpretations of the accounting standards, contact Carmen Ridley (cridley@afrs.com.au).



Latest AASB Meeting Report Summary

Thursday, February 20th, 2014

Provided by Carmen Ridley (www.afrs.com.au), AASB Board Member

The February AASB meeting was a one-day meeting only as the first day was an induction day for the five new board members.

Some of the relevant matters discussed were:

  • IFRS 9 – update on the status of the standard including the information that the complete standard is expected to be issued in the second quarter of 2014.
  • IASB comment letters – the AASB views on a number of pronouncements issued by the IASB and IPSASB were finalised for inclusion in comment letters.
  • Leasing and revenue – an update on these project was provided. Note that the IASB standard on revenue is expected to be issued in March / April 2014.

For further detail or information on any of these matters, refer to the AASB action alert available on www.aasb.gov.au or contact Carmen Ridley on cridley@afrs.com.au.